I LOVE musical theatre overtures!

The Merriam-Webster Dictionary definitions of overture.

I have loved musical theatre overtures ever since I was a kid listening to Camelot, Mame, My Fair Lady, and more every weekend while my mom and I did laundry on Saturday mornings. She would pick 3 to 5 records (yes, records) and stack them on the player, but she wouldn’t tell me what she chose. As a record automatically dropped to the turntable (look it up, kiddos), I would wait with anticipation to hear which of my favorite albums was about to start. And I could tell within one or two notes of the overture what show it was. I was probably 6 or 7, maybe 8 years old. I had never seen a Broadway show. I had seen some local high school and junior college shows, but all I had were a few pictures on the album cover and the music to paint me a picture of what was to come. There was something so fun about hearing the bits of songs from the show all woven together into their own special confection. Fast forward many (many) years later and one of the first playlists I made on my first iPod was Broadway Overtures.

Overtures were part of the world of opera nearly 400 years ago, long, long before musical comedy was truly established in the early 1940s. The overtures served to establish the musical themes that would evolve throughout the opera, and as operetta and eventually musical comedy evolved, most musical theatre overtures became medleys of the key musical numbers that the audience will hear during the course of the show. But a good overture is not just melodic, it sets the tone for the coming show. Gypsy introduces brassy trumpets that are later reflected in the burlesque elements of the show. The Producers overture starts off like a Warner Brothers cartoon soundtrack, setting the madcap tone of the whole show from the very first moments. My Fair Lady, well, it’s one of the most perfect things ever from the first eight glorious chords working their way from “You Did It” (an odd choice to lead with, but it works so well) to “On the Street Where You Live” and “I Could Have Danced All Night” before segueing into the first number. I loved that overture and album so much I took it to school to share for show and tell when I was in Kindergarten (musical theatre nerds are born, not made).

Many new musicals today don’t even have overtures; somewhere along the line after the Golden Age of Musicals (1943 to the mid-1960s), they became old-fashioned, or they just took up four to eight minutes of time that could be used elsewhere in a show. It’s a shame, because those first few minutes as the theatre darkens and the overture begins, give an audience member time to ease into this new world for the evening, and in these days of social media and checking in everywhere one goes, I think we need that cushion of melodies to take us past turning off the phones and letting go of the world outside, and allowing ourselves to be swirled into the world of the musical.

So, StageAgent invites you to take a trip into the worlds that the following 20 overtures offer. All are favorites for one reason or another for several of our contributors. They range from Mozart operas of the late 1700s to Broadway musicals of the Golden Age to shows from the late 1990s and mid-2000s. The list is in no particular order and some comments are combined from several different contributors. We’ve also included a Spotify playlist for you to listen to all of them!

What Are Your Favorites?

  • My Fair Lady – Pure musical theater joy from the first strains.
  • Gypsy  – Those trumpets wailing and setting the stage for the burlesque to come, and who can ever resist Mama Rose?!
  • Candide and West Side Story – Bernstein! Not obscure favorites by any means; both set a tone of grit, romance, danger, and heart, all with a mastery of classical composition!
  • Annie – Another favorite with that mournful lone trumpet starting it out with the “Tomorrow” melody, to be joined in counterpoint by a single trombone, and finishing with the full orchestra on “Tomorrow” with all the optimistic joy one can handle.
  • Camelot – It’s lush and romantic, readying the audience for the epic tale about to be told. Just sumptuous!
  • The Producers – Not one I really know well, but when I heard it I was struck with the madcap feel of it that sets the tone for the show from the get go.
  • South Pacific – The first three notes of Bali Hai transport you right to that special island.
  • On the Twentieth Century – The way the music builds to the train rhythms is exhilarating! You’re almost exhausted as it ends!
  • Miss Saigon – A more modern show where the overture blurs into the first song…when you hear that helicopter!!
  • Mame – The three key changes in the first 20 seconds with horns and strings swirling the sound sets a kaleidoscopic feel for the wild world that Mame lives in.
  • The Phantom of the Opera – The sudden electric organ shocks the audience into attention and instantly creates the mystique of the Phantom.
  • The Light in the Piazza – It’s light, romantic, and magical.
  • Seven Brides for Seven Brothers – A classic, feel-good overture.
  • Les Miserables – Not a traditional overture, but the booming horns instantly bring to mind the upcoming revolution we are going to witness.
  • Man of La Mancha – The trumpets and drums set the tone for the adventure to come.
  • Jesus Christ Superstar – The overture is like a rock concert!
  • A Little Night Music – This is just incredibly gorgeous and ends with a cast vocal line that’s so simple and poignant.
  • Le Nozze di Figaro and Don Giovanni are masterpieces. Mozart is the true master of the overture.


  1. I was happy to see Jesus Christ Superstar on your list. I love so many of the overtures and play scores that are on your list – and more, including many Disney scores – but that one is my all time favorite. Everyone knows you can wear out a record, an 8-track tape (yes, I’m showing my age), or a audio cassette – I have not only worn out each of those of that particular production, but I have actually worn out a CD!
    Thank you for your article.

    1. Mary Lou – Thank you for your kind words. I had so much fun back when I wrote this article and my colleagues and I did pull together a fun list, if I do say so myself. -Laura

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